Birds like Blue Tits will have been trying to pair up for a few weeks now and in this mild winter they are very active round the garden this week, exploring possible nesting sites, like one of our nest-boxes, chasing off rival males and flicking their wings and tails in display-mode. They particularly like displaying around the Privet hedge, which is in the shade all day and so makes photographs hard on these dull days. Males will sometimes peck at the wood on the bird-box and their fast actions and pecking are thought to be a way to show their health and fitness to a potential mate. Conditions: Sunny interval followed by rain. Temperature: Max 8 Min 2C.
Messy Finches- there’s no getting away Finches are messy eaters, throwing seeds they aren’t interested in out from the feeders, and rapidly ‘shelling’ the outer cases of hard seeds, spilling them anywhere, in order to get to the nutritious, soft kernels. (See both habits in the photos). However all four regular species- Green-, Gold-, Bull-, and Chaffinch, and occasional winter Brambling, we get are well worth it for the beauty and fascination of watching them. I rigged up a special feeder arrangement by the window, which has a large plant-container saucer, hole drilled through the
middle, lodged on the pole, and that catches most of the discarded seeds. This saves them landing on the ground, which may attract rats, and means Robins etc can land on the saucer and feed on the bits. Conditions: Grey and still. Temperature: Max 11 Min 4C.
Goldfinches: In winter our Goldfinches gather together in large groups of up to 100 and they nowadays they increasingly feed in small ‘charms’ on garden feeders. In cold conditions they will sometimes migrate as far South as Spain but in this mid winter most stay around, and we have been enjoying them on our feeders. Winter is the best time to tell males from females, as only the males bill is long enough to feed on teasel seeds. During the Renaissance, Goldfinches were associated with the Passion of Christ, as illustrated in the Raphael painting ‘Madonna of the Goldfinch’, where John the Baptist is painted holding a Goldfinch. Christians believed at the time that the Goldfinch, while picking thorns from the Crown of Thorns, pricked itself and the blood of Christ fell on its head, rendering it red. Conditions: Grey and cloudy. Temperature: Max 5 Min 2C.
I’ve just been down the garden to prune the fruit trees, an essential job at this time of year, and spotted our first tot of native Primroses, showing this to have been a mild winter. One of my favourite flowers, I am not alone. They were also the favourite flowers of our Victorian Prime Minister, Benjamin Disraeli and he received a posie from Queen Victoria each year. Every year, on April 19th, the date of his death, bunches are still laid at his grave at Westminster Abbey. We used to post shoe-boxes of them to our Aunts in London, who missed being back in Sussex walking the lanes. Now, picking not sanctioned for decades, they are reappearing in good quantities in those same lanes. Conditions: Mild, cloud and sun. Temperature: Max 8 Min 2C.
Winter Solstice: On this shortest day of the year, this is just a reminder that our smallest birds, the Wren, Goldcrest and Firecrest, unlike others of our birds that can switch to seeds and fruits when insects are in short supply through the colder months, rely on insects so the more untidy we are in our gardens and countryside, the better off they are. Insects will stay in the microclimate under leaves, in shrubs, conifers and dense foliage and in hollow stems and uncut grasses and flowering plants. In really freezing winters these small birds (you are more likely to see Wrens and Goldcrests in your gardens- I’ve only seen a Firecrest once and that wasn’t in my garden!) Somewhere they can roost, like bird boxes and hedges, also help. No wonder, with the loss of so many hedges our birds are under threat. Conditions: Mild with some sun after heavy rain. Floods and waterlogged land in the south and east. Temperature: Max 8 Min 5C.
Great Tits: as we approach the shortest day, and birds of all kinds have less time to forage, the desperate scramble for food becomes more crucial to their surviving cold spells of weather. Great Tits, our largest species of the Tit family, rely on seeds through these conditions. While most Great Tits stay roughly in their areas of birth, some do travel from higher to lower ground but they are spread through the UK so wherever you live, if you can put seeds and fat out it will help them and other small birds that lose more heat per body weight than larger birds. In harsh conditions Great Tits can need to eat up to 44% of their body weight in a day in sunflower and other seeds. (Who does such research?! )
Conditions. Cloudy and with rain on its way. Temperature: Max 12 Min 7 c.
Just when I think there is nothing more to be gleaned from our Joseph Rock Rowan, a beautiful and acrobatic pair of Bullfinches turn up and expertly gather some of the last, now bletted but obviously still nutritious berries from the very tips of slender stems. As the tree is about 15 feet away from the window, the views, in yesterday’s welcome sun, were clear and bright. We have two pairs visiting at present, which I know is very lucky- a function of being near a wooded part of Sheffield centre and the fact that we plant for wildlife and feed all year round. Conditions: a welcome spell of calmer, brighter weather. Temperature: Max 10 Min 8C.