17th September 2018

Late flowering sources of food for bees, hoverflies and butterflies are so important in garden and wild spaces, especially in a year like this when the exceptionally hot, dry summer had meant so many flowering plants had flowered early, brought on by the heat. It is worth planting a few perennials like Heleniums, Buddleia,or Echinacea. I love watching the Bees, especially, and how they manoeuvre themselves into and out of the tubes of Fuchsia and the ‘helmets’ of Himalayan Balsam (which has, thankfully, been checked in its intrusive spread a little this year, owing to it preferring damp places). Honey Bees especially need extra food, as many live over winter and need to build up their reserves. Conditions: Calm before the predicted winds and rain, a hangover of Hurricane Florence crossing the Atlantic in the next couple of days. Temperature: Max 22 Min 14 C.

Small White feeding on Verbena Bonariensis

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30th August 2018

If you wonder why worker Wasps go for our sweet things at this time of year, it is because, up till mid-summer they have been emerging from their nests to find soft-bodied invertebrates, like caterpillars, aphids, spiders etc. They can’t digest these themselves because their ‘wasp-waists’ are too narrow, so they chew them up and feed them to the larvae, laid by the Queen in cells in the nest. In exchange, they eat the sugary excretion from the larvae, but as summer goes on the Queen stops laying, the larvae grow into fertile males and females which leave the nest, to mate, and the workers go hungry. They then feed on tree-sap and rotting fruit, which sometimes intoxicates them, causing them to act unpredictably! Of course, they also then turn up on our sugary snacks, before dying off,

Wasp

Wasp flying

Wasp showing their large club-antennae

but remember what a role they have had earlier in the year, preying on pests and parasites throughout the country. Conditions: Lovely warm and sunny intervals. Temperature: Max 20 Min 9 C.

26th August 2018

At last we have a day of replenishing, heavy rain but it isn’t deterring the large, mixed flock of Tits we have had visiting our feeders for days now- upwards of 30 Great, Blue, Long-tailed and Coal Tits, heralded by their lovely twittering calls, but dominated by what seems like a successful year for Blue and Long-tailed Tits. Studies have shown the mixed-flocks enhance birds survival in several ways– there are more pairs of eyes and ears to guard the individuals from predators, and more to look out for food-sources so feeding rates are higher than for one’s and two’s. During breeding, protecting a territory is the priority, but once breeding is over, then safety and feeding

Blue Tits and Long-tailed Tits dominate the mixed flock

Young Long-tailed Tits. part of the mixed flock visiting at present

Blue Tits, part of the mixed flock.

become central. So far, the mixed flock is just Tits, but other species, like Goldcrest, Warblers and Nuthatches may join in later in the year. Conditions: Long spells of rain, cloud. Temperature: Max 15 Min 11 C.

24th August 2018

Last year we had a very ill, young Fox in the garden. After a few days we heard it had died- it had mange, probably from the most common source, the Sarcoptic mite. Yesterday, this young Fox, was briefly in the garden, thin, scratching and with bare patches on its haunches, indicative of the early stages of mange, which it could have caught from close contact with another fox. The National Fox Welfare Society does provide a free medication that sometimes helps, but involves feeding the fox, which we are usually unhappy to do. It may not return, but if it does, we will have to resolve this quandary. Other Foxes usually build up resistance- lets hope they have. Conditions: Sun and showers. Temperature: Max 14 Min 9C.

Fox with probable early mange

22nd August 2018

All plants in the Goosefoot family (which includes Quinoa) have edible seeds and the seeds of our most common Goosefoot- Fat Hen- have been found at every prehistoric site excavated throughout Europe. Fat Hen seeds formed part of the last meal of Tollund Man, the 2,000 year-old victim of hanging, and possibly of ritual sacrifice, found in a Jutland peat-bog. The young leaves of Fat Hen can be used like spinach and the seeds used in soups or dried and ground as flour for flat-breads. Known as ‘Melde’ in old English, this common plant was long

Fat Hen

Fat Hen, Goosefoot family

Fat Hen seeds, Goosefoot family, with Marmalade Hoverfly

a staple in place of ‘greens’. Conditions: Cloud and sun. Temperature: Max 20 Min 13 C.

19th August 2018

Alongside the terrible tree-felling policy of Sheffield City Council, the lottery-funded, community based Manor Park project is something to celebrate- community orchard (we are eating some of the windfalls), heritage trails, sculptures relating to its earlier farms, many and varied, expansive wild flower meadows with children’s trails/play/ activities, The Rhubarb Shed cafe, craft workshops, all on the fascinating site of Mary Queen of Scots imprisonment. All with a great view over Sheffield city and easy access for large post-war housing estates and local schools. An inspiring nature-nurturing open space. Conditions: Sunny intervals and non-existent, predicted showers! Temperature: Max 21 Min 14%

Manor Park Heritage area, Sheffield

Community orchard, Manor Park

Wild flower and meadow areas, Manor Park, Sheffield

Flower meadows, Manor Park, Sheffield

19th July 2018

Rose Sawfly Larvae- these 15mm munchers look superficially like caterpillars but they are one of 8,000 Sawfly species worldwide, named after the saw-shaped ovipositor of the females, with which they cut a slot in the host plant in which to deposit their eggs.sHarmless, except when in such numbers that they defoliate whole plants¬†(which then recover), the larvae go through eight different developmental stages. Caterpillars never have more than five pairs of legs but Sawfly larvae have six or more. Sawfly larvae often feed on gregariously, like these, and when threatened take this classic ‘S’ shape. Conditions: Sun and cloud. Dry again. Temperature: Max 24 Min 13C.

Rose Sawfly larva

Rose Sawfly larvae

Rose Sawfly Larvae

Mating Rose Sawfly adults