Cuckoo Pint is a fascinating plant out in woods and hedgerows now. When ready to be fertilised, the brown Spadix heats up to attract tiny insects which carry pollen from another plant down into the base of the plants, where they are trapped by tiny hairs. Once they have fertilised the female flowers hidden in the bulbous base, the hairs die and the insects can emerge. Timed to perfection, they gather ripe pollen as they emerge and take that onto another plant! Cross pollination which adds to a plant’s robustness, is achieved. Also called Lords and Ladies, Wild Arum and Jack in the Pulpit, and many local names this plant contains an irritant, and the orange berries of summer are poisonous. The tubers were once used as starch for collars and ruffs, but the laundresses suffered blistered hands. The ‘pint’ rhymes with lint and, for obvious reasons, derives from a 15th century word for penis! Conditions: sun, showers including
hail, and strong northerly breezes. Temperature: Max 10, min 3 c.